"Weka jiji safi", that is Swahili for: "Keep your city clean". A Dutch Expert Mission on Waste Management, which visited the 4.5 million metropole Dar es Salaam 5-9 September, encountered promising signs of environmental awareness. But in general the situation proved worrisome.
Friday November 4th the Expert Team (Herman Huisman of Rijkswaterstaat Leefomgeving, Hans Breukelman of BreAd BV and Bert Keesman of MetaSus) presented its findings to a group of approximately 30 entrepreneurs and other stakeholders at the headquarters of the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO) in the Hague. First Secretary Economic and Trade Policy of the Dutch Embassy in Tanzania Mr. Eugene Gies kicked off with the latest news. Every first Saturday of the month, Dar es Salaam residents now have to clean up their property and their street. A clear sign that the President Mr. John Magufuli is serious about tidying up the city. Unfortunately most of the collected garbage goes up in flames.
The Expert Team reviewed the waste situation in Dar es Salaam, the regulatory framework and the Dutch plans for follow-up. Every day the city generates approximately 5,600 tons of waste. Only 1,000 tons/day of this amount ends up at the Pugu landfill. The remainder is buried, incinerated or disposed off illegally. Waste collection is poorly organized, same as the collection of waste fees. The Pugu landfill is actually an uncontrolled waste dump without proper linings, leachate treatment or landfill gas collection. The situation is worsening rapidly as according to the Expert Team, the waste output of Dar es Salaam is growing approximately 10% per year.
Quick and effective action is considered necessary. The Expert Team proposes an overall upgrade of the waste management system in Dar es Salaam. Among the first targets are the Pugu landfill and the waste collection system (including waste transfer stations). Under the umbrella of a Government-to-Government project, in the coming four months a "Dar es Salaam waste Coalition" will be formed, consisting of the Dar es Salaam City Council, the five city districts plus other stakeholders (including donor organizations). As soon as this coalition has agreed on a joint strategy to upgrade the city's waste system, the plans will be worked out more in detail through a Develop 2 Build preparatory study. This will provide the Dar es Salaam authorities with a detailed strategy to upgrade the waste system, possibly backed up with a DRIVE project and/or efforts by other donors.
Undoubtedly, in the slipstream of these efforts opportunities will arise for Dutch companies, such as consultancy services, civil works and the delivery of waste collection vehicles and transfer stations. In the medium term the Expert Team expects an increase of recycling activities, composting, treatment of hazardous waste and possibly the production of RDF for cement kilns. A complete review of the waste situation in Dar es Salaam and opportunities for the Dutch private sector can be found in the report "Expert Mission on Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM) to Dar es Salaam". The latest developments are shared through the LinkedIn Group "Solid waste cooperation between Tanzania and the Netherlands".